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Encroaching on others land in name of public purpose

The conflicts over the acquisition of land for private and public infrastructure projects are well versed with. These continue despite of improvements in land acquisition law, improved  terms of compensation, prior informed consent for projects  and  social impact assessments.

Going by the principle of “greater common good”, these infrastructure projects lead to wide displacements of people who are dispossessed of their land, livelihood, and environment which has hardly any  good  in it. Prior informed consent is a farce. While there is complete exemption for public projects, there are no established procedures for gaining consent in the  private sector  projects. The people are generally only informed of the full-scale of implications  of the  projects either by exercising their right to information or by accident. While it is inevitable that the landless, small and marginal farmers will face impoverishment, the insecurity faced by  large farmers after the money compensated for the land finishes is also widely documented.

The governments  portray  the agitations as being conducted under outsider s influence. The state troops move in to assert and protect its sovereignty. This has remoaned the case as seen in agitations like Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA) against the Sardar Sarovar Project (SSP). The agitations over Special Economic Zones (SEZs) are other  cases. 11 years of tenacious struggle by local residents against the project by POSCO in Jagatsinghpur, Odisha  which could not obtain forest and other clearances.

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