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UNAIDS Report-India Still a Major HIV Infected Country

In its latest report, UNAIDS has reported that half of HIV infected patients worldwide now have access to treatment.

 

Highlights of the report

 

  • UNAIDS’s target of treating 15 million People Living with HIV (PLHIV) by 2015 was met and is in the course of achieving the 2020 target of treating 30 million people.

 

  • Since 2005, global deaths related to AIDS have halved. That is from 1.9 million in 2005 to 1 million in 2016.

 

  • 95 per cent of the new cases in 2016 have occurred in 10 major countries. India is one among them with the incidence of disease in 80000 people. As of 2016, India has a total population of 2.1 million living with HIV.

 

  • India is the top country in new infections in the Asia-Pacific region, though new incidences have decreased from 1,50,000 in 2005 to 80,000 in 2016.

 

  • The cause for concern in India is the emergence of the disease in areas which are thought to be of ‘not high-burden areas’.

 

 

  • Major impediment in the fight against HIV/AIDS is the access to medicines and it is especially so in India.

 

  • As per the report, for resolving market failures in development and manufacturing, pricing and R&D of medicine, actions on Intellectual Property Rights, public health and innovation are important.

 

Ending AIDS: Progress towards the 90–90–90 target

 

  • 1.8 million people became infected with HIVin 2016.

 

  • UNAIDS’s global target - bringing down the infection numbers to 500,000 a year by 2020. This was adopted in the year 2013.

 

  • 90-90-90 target include:90% of people who are HIV positive are to be diagnosed; 90% of these diagnosed HIV+ people to be given antiretroviral treatment, and 90% of those on antiretroviral treatment should be virally suppressed.

 

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