There was a time when the landscape of Kerala was filled with paddy fields. Increased emigration both for education and of manual labour as well has resulted in severe labour shortage especially in agriculture sector. As the wages rose, the cultivation of paddy became unviable as cheaper rice could be bought in from the rest of India. Under land reforms Act, leasing was made unlawful. This has resulted in fragmented holdings. The land and natural environment in Kerela is further being degraded by sand mining and groundwater depletion. There is need to take measures to take back to its paddy-filled landscap days.